Plant cells are very intricate structures, and they are similarities and differences between plant and animal cells. As you can see from the diagram below, plant cells contain a nucleus, just as animal cells do. And, just like in animal cells, it is this nucleus that will identify what type of plant cell that particular cell is, how it will grow, and what it will grow into. And as you can also see from the diagram, plant cells also have a rigid cell membrane, just like animal cells do. It’s this cell membrane that will contain all of the different parts of the cell.
Of course, because plants and animals have extremely different functions, there are many differences between a plant and animal cell; and in fact, the fact that they both have a nucleus and a cell membrane may be where the similarities end.
Among the main differences of plant cells and animal cells are chloroplast and cytoplasm. The cytoplasm is the fluid that is inside of the cell and holds all of the other structures in place, as well as assists them in their different functions. The cytoplasm of a cell is where all of the photosynthesis will take place, and where sunlight and carbon dioxide are converted into carbohydrates.
Plant cells are minuscule, and the different portions of them can only be seen under a microscope. However, even though each of these different parts of a plant cell are all very small, they each have a very particular function and are essential to a healthy plant.