Animals are made up of tiny pieces called cells that are the very building blocks of life. It is important to understand the composition of these cells in order to understand how life works around us. It is first important to note that an animal cell has an outer cell membrane that protects that cell and all the tiny parts that make the cell work. Each of these parts has their own function. You can see these different parts in the color coded diagram above. Each part is clearly labeled to help you understand where everything in the cell is located.
Within the cell, you will notice that the largest part is the nucleus. This is the central part of the cell and is the area where processing occurs. Its two functions are to store DNA and coordinate the activities of all parts of the cell.
Cilia and Flagella are also components of an animal cell and are crucial to the movement of the individual organisms of a cell. They work to move fluid throughout the cell or a group of cells. The endoplasmic reticulum is a network of sacs that work to move chemic compounds throughout the cell. It creates a type of transport between the nucleus the cytoplasm which is the filler within the cell. Another important organism in transportation is the Golgi apparatus that prepares proteins and fats to be shipped outside of the cell. Alternatively, Lysosome are part of the digestion system. Other important parts of an animal cell are the Endosomes and Endocytosis, Intermediate Filaments, Microfilaments, Microtubules, Mitochondria, Peroxisomes, and Ribosomes.